Magnolia grandiflora, Magnolia, Southern Magnolia, Bull-Bay. Crushed bark used in steam baths to treat water retention. Inner bark used to treat malaria and rheumatism. Fruits used as a digestive tonic, for dyspepsia, and general debility. Seeds valued in Mexican tradition as antispasmodic; for high blood pressure, heart problems, abdominal discomfort, muscle spasms, infertility, and epilepsy. Science confirms sedative activity of seed. | Email: sfoster@stevenfoster.com, or call +1-479-253-2629 for licensing terms and fees. All images © Copyright Steven Foster. Thank you!