Malus domestica, Malus sylvestris, Apples

Apples are a diverse group of cultivated fruits known as Malus domestica, Malus sylvestris, Malus pumila, Malus communis, Pyrus malus among other names. Whether in the form of pies, tarts, sweet cider, hard cider, or vinegar, the old adage "an apple a day keeps the doctor away," makes this autumn fresh fruit a quinetessential preventative medicine. "All apples loosen the belly and pleasure the stomach by their coolness," Culpeper tells us in 1652.

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