Salvia miltiorrhiza, Red Sage, Chinese Sage, Dan Shen (root)

Salvia miltiorrhiza, Dan Shen, Chinese Sage, Red-Root Sage is one of more than 125 Chinese species in the genus Salvia. It was named by the Russian botanist Alexander von Bunge (1803–1890) in an 1833 publication. The generic name Salvia is derived from a Latin word root, salvare, meaning "to heal," referring to the medicinal qualities of the common garden sage. The specific epithet "miltiorrhiza" derived from the Greek, miltos, meaning “red lead,” and rhiza, “root,” referring to the reddish-purple color of the root. This is a very commonly used Chinese herbal medicine, first mentioned in the primary class of medicinal plants in Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing. In traditional Chinese medicine, the dried root invigorates blood, dispels stasis, cools and tonifies the blood and is used in prescriptions for heart disease, stroke, poor circulation, menstrual conditions, insomnia, irritability, and other conditions.

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