Sambucus canadensis, Sambucus nigra var. canadensis. Elderflower, elder, common elder, American elder, elderberry.

The genus Sambucus has about 9 species worldwide and S. canadensis and European S. nigra have been widely used in folk medicine. In Great Britain, elderberry ranks just behind docks, nettles and dandelions as among the most important folk remedies through history, imbued with magico-religious traits since ancient times. Today, based on research conducted by Israeli scientists about 30 years ago, elderberry extracts and syrups are widely available in dietary supplement products to prevent or reduce upper respiratory trace infections during the cold and flu season.

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