Solanum dulcamara, Woody nightshade, Bittersweet nightshade

Solanum dulcamara, Woody nightshade, Bittersweet, Bittersweet nightshade, Amara Dulcis, among other common names, is native to Eurasia and widely naturalized elsewhere, including much of North Amerrca where it is considered weedy. Stems were used collected in December, after the plant had gone dormant. Preparations of the stems are used topically in ointments and salves for the supportive treatment of acne, eczema, psoriasis and other skin conditions. In European phytomedicine relatively nonpoisonous stems have been approved for use in supportive treatment of acne, eczema, furuncles, and warts. Stems contain significantly lower amounts of toxic alkaloids than other parts of the plant. Contains steroidal alkaloids and has been used as a starting material for the synthetic manufacture of steroids. Several chemotypes have been described. The expressed juice of the plant has been used as a folk cancer remedy since ancient times.

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