Armoracia rusticana, Horseradish

Armoracia rusticana, Horseradish. This Eurasian member of the mustard family (Cruciferae or Brassicaceae) has been cultivated for about 2000 years. In 1844, Henry J. Heinz, founder of the H. J. Heinz Company, is believed to have been the first to develop a commercial horseradish product. The English name horseradish first appeared in the 1597 edition of Gerarde’s Herball. The root stimulates appetite and aids digestion. It is laxative, diaphoretic, strongly diuretic, rubefacient, and antiseptic. If applied externally, it may cause a rash with blisters. A cataplasm, used cautiously, has been used to break up chest colds and to relieve rheumatic muscle pain.

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