Azadirachta indica, (Melia azadirachta), Neem, bead tree, margosa.
Azadirachta indica, (Melia azadirachta), neem, bead tree, margosa. Botanists know this tree of the mahogany family as Azadirachta indica. The name neem is derived from the Sanskrit “nimba,” the Hindu “Nimb,” or the Bengali “nim,” which has phonetically come to us as “neem.” The genus name Azadirachta is derived from the Farsi, Urdu and Hindustani “azad dirakht,” which in those languages means “free tree, ” perhaps referring to the plant's ability to unleash nutrients from subsoil on poor arid lands, hence “freeing” the soil. Experimentally, the oil in antifungal and antiseptic. The fresh seed oil has a strong garlic-like odor, and is used as an ingredient in insect sprays. Neem leaf products, available on the American market, are used similarly to goldenseal, as a mild, natural antibacterial and antiviral natural product. Sciences also confirms antiinflammatory, pain-relieving, and fever-reducing qualities.
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