Mitchella repens, Partridgeberry, Squawvine.

Mitchella repens, Partridgeberry, Squawvine, a member of the madder family (Rubiaceae), once an extensively used North America native plant as a diuretic for the treatment of edema due to cardiac insufficency. Leaves made into tea to treat insomnia. Indigenous women reportedly took a decoction of the plant several weeks before childbirth to aid in delivery, hence the associated common name. The red berries are mildly astringent and were eaten as a snack against diarrhea. Flowers in pairs with a single ovary producing one fruit per flower pair. The fruits are somewhat insipid, but edible. Fruits persisting through winter to the following spring.

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