Monarda punctata, Horsemint, Spotted Beebalm, Spotted Horsemint.
Monarda punctata, Horsemint, Spotted Beebalm, Spotted Horsemint is an annual, biennial, or perennial member of the mint family (Lamiaceae or Labiatae) growing in sandy soil. It is an aromatic stimulant, diaphoretic, and carminative. It is useful for settling an upset stomach, and treating colds accompanied by diarrhea. Hard-to-find horsemint oil has been used as a liniment ingredient for neuralgia and muscular rheumatism. Monarda punctata essential oil (up to 3 percent dry weight), and some chemotypes are a rich source of thymol (about 61 percent of its essential oil), a major ingredient in Listerine and other antiseptic preparations. Thymol is strongly fungicidal and anthelmintic. Monarda punctata was commercially cultivated as a source for thymol, especially during the first world war. Thymol is also a primary flavoring compound in thyme (Thymus species).
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