Morus alba White Mulberry, sang, sang bai pi (root bark), sang zhi (young twig), sang ye (leaf), sang shen (fruit))

Morus alba, White Mulberry. Different plant parts constitute different drugs in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Dried leaves are used in decoction for cooling, carminative, antipyretic, and expectorant action in prescriptions for coughs and dry mouth, for expelling thick, yellow sputum and reducing fever, headache, and coughs associated with “hot” conditions of the lung. Also used for eye ailments characterized by red, sore, dry and painful eyes accompanied by spots in front of the eyes. The bark or twigs are used in decoction to treat pains or numbness of the lower extremities as well as high blood pressure. The fruits have sweet and cooling properties, and are used to rebuild blood of convalescent patients, treat insomnia, thirst, and constipation. Red Mulberry and White Mulberry are confused and confusing given the high degree of variation in leaf shape, pubesence, and because they hybridize.

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