Oryza sativa, rice, Vietnam rice patties.

Oryza sativa, rice. A greater number of the world’s people are fed by this plant than any other single plant. Presumed native to SE Asia and now extensively cultivated in East Asia, India, Africa, South Europe, South America, and the southern United States. It was introduced to the US (Virginia) by William Berkeley in 1647. There are hundreds of varieties under commercial cultivation. Rice water is considered cooling, diuretic, and demulcent, and is used in diarrhea and dysentery, nose bleeds, intestinal inflammations, vomiting of blood, and as a wash for putrid external ulcerations. An infusion of rice straw, mixed with sugar, has been taken for dysentery. With wine it has been used to treat rheumatism. The malt (sprouted seeds) is used as a carminative and stomachic for stomach ache, weak spleen and stomach, a feeling of fullness in the digestive tract, and as an appetite stimulant. Most of these images are from Vietnam.

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