Zea mays Corn, Maize, Indian Corn
Zea mays, Corn, Maize, Indian Corn is the most sacred food plant of North America, with numerous selections and types of dent corn, flint corn, flour corn, sweet corn, and pop corn, maintained as genetically distinct and pure, according to ethnobotanist Melvin Gilmore. It is known in various native languages simply as "mother." Parched, dried corn hulled with lye made from ashes was used to make hominy. Corn “silk,” a well-known herbal diuretic, was used for cystitis, gonorrhea, gout, and rheumatism. Recently, water-soluble components of corn silk have been found to be antifungal, inhibiting infection from aflatoxin. Science has confirmed diuretic, hypoglycemic, and hypotensive activity in corn extracts. Corn, originating in the tropical Americas, was cultivated by native groups throughout North and South America centuries before the arrival of Europeans (including the arrival of northern Europeans as documented in works such as the Icelandic Sagas of 1006). Corn was proferred as gifts of food and drink, from this the most important staple of the Americas.
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